Drug-resistant bacteria blamed on overuse, underuse of antibiotics

Drug-resistant bacteria blamed on overuse, underuse of antibiotics

Mongolia's Health Ministry on Tuesday urged Mongolians to properly use antibiotics following concerns of overuse in the country.

Pfizer Pakistan in recognition of World Antibiotic Awareness Week, which is celebrated from November 12 to 18, reaffirmed its commitment to working with the industry partners and policymakers to help prevent and combat the global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance.

"We are already seeing a growing number of infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and gonorrhoea becoming harder to treat as the antibiotics used to treat them become less effective". Efforts of scores of scientists and researchers are undone by it. Organ transplant, chemotherapy and surgeries have become much riskier due to the looming danger of antibiotic resistance.

They discussed the role and responsibilities of relative stakeholders, including food agencies, universities and mass media in awareness raising initiatives on antibiotics. In contrast, so-called "reserve" antibiotics - those only used as a last resort for specific infections against multi-drug resistant bacteria - made up less than 2 percent of total antibiotic consumption.

The bulk of the data is sourced from well-established programs, but the World Health Organization also included data from 16 low- and middle-income countries that have only recently rolled out similar programs. It's estimated about 2 million people get sick in the US every year with infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria.

The publication was timed to coincide with World Antibiotic Awareness Week. One of the aims of the event is to start a conversation about why people need to change their behaviours and attitudes towards antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment works to treat infections by either killing or slowing the growth of bacteria that cause illnesses.

In countries without standard treatment guidelines, antibiotics are often over-prescribed by health workers and veterinarians and over-used by the public.

Adding his voice to simple practices individuals can do to prevent AMR, the minister asked that Ghanaians "do not put oral or injectable antibiotic powders into open wounds and do not mix it with drinks such as palm wine or others". The resulting resistance that has built up over time has become a global health emergency leading the UN General Assembly to include AMR as a priority health issue to be tackled alongside responses to Ebola and HIV.

"All hospitals and community health centres should strive to control the spread of infections by making use of the best possible hygiene and sanitations measures available". Also, only 57% of those surveyed are aware that even a single course of antibiotics taken when not appropriate can contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance.

Hill insisted that the findings "confirm the need to take urgent action, such as enforcing prescription-only policies, to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics".

Antibiotics are always prescription drugs and pharmacies are barred from selling those to anyone having no prescription from a registered doctor.

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